- US defense chief says Israel must shield civilians to win in Gaza
- Peru boosts Machu Picchu access up to 5,600 visitors a day
- Guirassy scores again as Stuttgart beat Bremen
- Rodrygo strikes again as Madrid catch Girona with Granada win
- Italy and Spain to meet in Euro 2024 group stage, England handed kind draw
- Lens inflict more pain on managerless Lyon
- 'Not a group of death': Struggling Germany welcome Euro 2024 draw
- Italy and Spain drawn together in Euro 2024 group stage
- Guinea-Bissau army calls National Guard back to barracks after violence
- Girona 'making history', go top with superb Valencia comeback
- NWTN Celebrates Landmark Collaboration with Autostrad Car Rental Company for Eco-Friendly Transportation
- Heavy snow hits Beaver Creek World Cup ski race again
- Nervy Arsenal extend Premier League lead, Burnley score five
- Herve helps Toulon to Top 14 summit in Biggar absence
- Openda and Poulsen score as Leipzig beat Heidenheim to go fourth
- Burkina, Niger to quit G5 anti-jihadist force
- Germany beat France on penalties to win U-17 World Cup
- Girona top Liga with superb late Valencia comeback
- Grim cycle of death at a hospital in Gaza
- Erdogan weighs in on bank scam involving Turkish stars
- Embark on a Unique Journey with 'Hookah Haze': Human Drama Adventure Fueled by the Spirit of Shisha on Steam® and Nintendo Switch™ in 2024
- Xavi calls on Felix to let Atletico criticism inspire him
- Nations rally behind renewables at COP28 climate talks
- Israel and Hamas trade strikes as Palestinian toll mounts
- 'My blood boils': Kissinger's bitter legacy in Southeast Asia
- 50 oil and gas companies pledge to cut operational emissions
- Activists decry silence over evidence of sexual violence in Hamas attacks
- Turkey's Erdogan rejects US pressure to cut Hamas ties
- Over 100 Rohingya refugees land in Indonesia, 2 more boats at sea
- Erdogan rejects US pressure to cut Hamas ties
- EQT Joins the Oil & Gas Decarbonization Charter
- AIIB Launches Report on Transformative Concept of Defining Nature as Infrastructure
- COP28: Calls for more nuclear and less 'destructive' methane
- To greenwash or do the right thing? Corporate dilemmas at COP28
- Israel says hundreds of Gaza targets hit after truce ends
- Pope calls on leaders at COP28 to 'turn corner' on climate
- NZ's Southee refuses to blame World Cup fatigue for Bangladesh Test loss
- US leads call to triple nuclear power at COP28
- Hoshino and Lee set up Australian Open showdown
- Nuclear power has role to play, atomic energy head tells AFP at COP28
- Myanmar pro-democracy fighters battle to take state capital
- Climate Philanthropies Announce $450 Million to Deepen Investment in Super Climate Pollutants
- Bitget To List Carbon Browser (CSIX) in Spot Market and Innovation Zone
- South Korea confirms first spy satellite in orbit
- Celtics hold off 76ers despite Tatum ejection, Magic roll on
- CGTN: On climate change, we're running out of time, not options
- Israeli strikes rock Gaza for second day after truce collapse
- Montreal research hub spearheads global AI ethics debate
- 11 Winners Recognised at Zayed Sustainability Prize Awards Ceremony held during COP28 UAE
- Dressel back in winner's circle with US Open 100m fly triumph
Nations to review harrowing catalogue of climate impacts
Nearly 200 nations kick off a virtual UN meeting Monday to finalise what is sure to be a harrowing catalogue of climate change impacts -- past, present and future.
Species extinction, ecosystem collapse, mosquito-borne disease, deadly heat, water shortages, and reduced crop yields are already measurably worse due to global heating.
Just in the last year, the world has seen a cascade of unprecedented floods, heatwaves and wildfires across four continents.
All these impacts will accelerate in the coming decades even if the carbon pollution driving climate change is rapidly brought to heel, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report is likely to warn.
A crucial, 40-page Summary for Policymakers -- distilling underlying chapters totalling thousands of pages, and reviewed line-by-line -- is to be made public on February 28.
"This is a real moment of reckoning," said Rachel Cleetus, Climate and energy policy director at the Union of Concerned Scientists.
"This not just more scientific projections about the future," she told AFP. "This is about extreme events and slow-onset disasters that people are experiencing right now."
The report will also underscore the urgent need for "adaptation" -- climate-speak which means preparing for devastating consequences that can no longer be avoided, according to an early draft seen by AFP in 2021.
In some cases this means that adapting to intolerably hot days, flash flooding and storm surges has become a matter of life and death.
- Billions in damages -
"Even if we find solutions for reducing carbon emissions, we will still need solutions to help us adapt," said Alexandre Magnan, a researcher at the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations in Paris and a co-author of the report, without commenting on its findings.
IPCC assessments -- this will be the sixth since 1990 -- are divided into three sections, each with its own volunteer "working group" of hundreds of scientists.
In August 2021, the first instalment on physical science found that global heating is virtually certain to pass 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), probably within a decade.
Earth's surface has warmed 1.1 degrees Celsius since the 19th century.
The 2015 Paris deal calls for capping global warming at "well below" 2C, and ideally 1.5C.
This report is sure to reinforce this more ambitious goal.
It will likewise underscore that vulnerability to extreme weather events -- even when they are made worse by global warming -- can be reduced by better planning and preparation, according to the draft seen by AFP.
This is not only true in the developing world, noted Imperial College professor Friederike Otto, pointing to massive flooding in Germany last year that killed scores and caused billions in damage.
- Finite set of choices -
"Even without global warming there would have been a huge rainfall event in a densely populated geography where the rivers flood very easily," said Otto, a pioneer in the science of quantifying the extent to which climate change makes extreme weather events more likely or intense.
The report will zero in on how climate change is widening already yawning gaps in inequality, both between regions and within nations.
The simple fact is that the people least responsible for climate change are the ones suffering the most from its impacts.
Not only is this unjust, experts and advocates say, it is a barrier to tackling the problem.
"I do not think there are pathways to sustainable development that do not substantively address equity issues," said Clark University professor Edward Carr, a lead author of one of the report's chapters.
The report is also likely to highlight dangerous "tipping points", invisible temperature trip wires in the climate system for irreversible and potentially catastrophic change.
Some of them -- such as the melting of permafrost housing twice as much carbon as in the atmosphere -- could fuel global warming all on their own.
"There is a finite set of choices we can make that would move us productively into the future," said Carr. "Every day we wait and delay, some of those choices get harder or go away."
The third and final instalment of the IPCC assessment currently unfolding, due out in early April, examines options for curbing carbon emissions and removing carbon from the atmosphere.